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    United States' Vision Regulations and Policies


Select the State from the list above to jump to appropriate section of the glossary.


Alabama

Visual Field
    110 degrees horizontal  80 degrees vertical;

There are certain training requirements and written verification is needed from an optometrist or ophthalmologist.

Alabama Department of Public Safety; Procedural Manual, Section 8, Issue date: 4/16/97     Date last verified: May 15, 2007

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Alaska

Visual Acuity:

    minimum of 20/40 in one eye gets unrestricted license. Same with glasses restricted to wearing glasses (contacts).

    Best visual acuity of 20/40 to 20/100 in one eye (w/wo glasses) needs report from an eye specialist. Request for license then determined by discretion.

    Less than 20/100 best corrected: no license. Color blind: no license.

Alaska DMV: AAC 08.340 MEDICAL STANDARDS; authority: AS 28.05.011 AS28.15.081 AS 28.15.031        Date last verified:    DEC. 20, 2004

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Arizona

Visual Acuity:

    minimum of 20/40 in one eye required.

    Persons with binocular vision and v.a. of 20/60 will be restricted to daytime driving only.

Visual Field:

    Field of vision must be 60 degrees, plus 35 degrees on the opposite side of the nose in at least one eye.

Arizona Revised Statutes (ARS) 28-3005, 28-3314; Arizona Administrative Code: R17-4-502, R17-4-503                 Date last verified:   FEB 10, 2006

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Arkansas

Visual Acuity:

    minimum uncorrected of 20/40 for unrestricted license and minimum of 20/50 for a restricted license.

    Persons with binocular vision and v.a. of 20/60 will be restricted to daytime driving only.

Visual Field:

    Field of vision must be 140 degrees for a person with two eyes, and 105 degrees for a person with one eye.

          INFORMATION TO BE SUBMITTED TO LEGAL DEPT. FOR DECISION    (as of Dec. 20, 2004)

Drvr Svcs Issuance Sec; p227;  27-16-704  Date last verified:  May 22, 2007

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California

These are some guidelines:

Visual Acuity:

    Best Corrected in one eye of at least 20/40 with or without corrective lenses passes.

    Less than 20/40 depends upon too many factors to list.

Visual Field:

      140 degrees minimum if two eyes.  If monocular, needs minimum of 100 degrees (for day and night permit) temporally and 50 degrees nasally.

http://www.dmv.ca.gov/dl/driversafety/vision_cond.htm            Date last verified:   JAN. 15, 2005

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Colorado

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/70 in the better eye if worse eye is 20/200 or better; 20/40 if worse eye is worse than 20/200.

Visual Field: 

   A visual field of at least one hundred twenty degrees horizontally and eighty degrees vertically in the same eye.

Colorado Motor Vehicle Division, Motor Vehicle law 42-2-111,   Driver License Services       Date Last Verified:  May 15, 2007

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Connecticut

Visual Acuity:

        Unrestricted license:  20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

        Restricted license:  20/50 to 20/70

        Under some circumstances a license can be issued when the visual acuity is 20/200.

Visual Field:

    Field of vision must be 140 degrees for a person with two eyes, and 100 degrees for a person with one eye.

An operator's license shall not be issued to an operator who uses spectacle mounted telescopic aids.

Health Standards for licensing decisions for operators of motor vehicles, section 14-45a-1    Date last verified:  May 21, 2007

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Delaware

Visual Acuity:

    Unrestricted license:  20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    Restricted license:  20/50;  beyond 20/50 driving privileges are denied

Visual Field:

    No requirements.

Dept. of Public Safety, Division of Motor Vehicles, Manager of Driver Safety.       Date last verified:  JANUARY 4, 2005

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Florida

Visual Acuity:

     Must have 20/70 in either eye with or without corrective lenses.

     Monocular persons need 20/40 in the fellow eye.

Visual Field:

    140 degrees minimum.

Rules and Regulations, Chapter 15-A-5    Date last verified:  JANUARY 4, 2005

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Georgia

Visual Acuity:

    Must have 20/60 in either eye with or without corrective lenses.

Visual Field:

    140 degrees minimum if two eyes.  If monocular, needs minimum of 100 degrees (for day and night permit) temporally and 50 degrees nasally.

Rules and Regulations  40-5-27         Date last verified:  May 15, 2007

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Hawaii

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    No provision for less than 20/40.

Visual Field:

    Field of vision must be 140 degrees for a person with two eyes, and 100 degrees (for day and night permit) for a
    person with one eye.

"Peggy", Dept. of Motor Vehicle Safety, s19-122-8        Date last verified:  FEB. 7, 2005

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Idaho

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses:  no restrictions

    20/50-20/60: Annual Testing

    20/70: Denied

Visual Field:

    Nothing specified.

Nadine, Idaho DMV            Date last verified:  DEC. 14, 2004

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Illinois

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/70 in the better eye: restricted license (daylight only).

Visual Field:

    Field of vision must be 140 degrees for a person with two eyes. For monocular, 100 degrees (for day and night permit) temporally & 35 degrees nasally.

Drivers Services Department        Date last verified:  FEB. 7, 2005

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Indiana

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/50 in the better eye: restricted license daytime only

    20/70 in each eye with best correction: daytime only (must have 120 degree horizontal field)

           Visual Acuity must reach 20/40 with telescope (4X or less);

           Visual field no less than 120 degrees horizontal;

           Color vision adequate for traffic lights;

           Stable eye condition; good mental attitude.

        Evaluation by driver educator/ approval of DMV medical review board/ 30 hours of driver training / pass road test

Indiana Drivers Vision Requirements & D. McConnaha, OD, Indiana University Low Vision Service

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Iowa

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/50 in the better eye: restricted license (daylight only).

    20/70 in the better eye: restricted license (daylight only, up to 35 mph).

Visual Field:

    140 degrees: no restriction

    between 115 and 140 degrees: certain restrictions.

Iowa Drivers Manual, Administrative Rule 600.4            Date last verified:  MARCH 14, 2005

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Kansas

Visual Acuity:

    20/20 - 20/50 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/50 - 20/100  drive test a must.

    20/100 - 20/400  must be approved by Driver Review

    20/400 or worse: Must be approved by MAB or Director

Visual Field:

   Less than 110 degress requires test drive.

    Monocular driver: less than 55 degrees requires test drive.

Kansas Administrative Regulations  92-52-12  &          Date last verified:  July, 2007

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Kentucky  

Visual Acuity:

    20/200 OR BETTER, WITH CORRECTIVE LENSES IN THE BETTER EYE to be accepted in a certified driver training program.

Visual Field:

   120 DEGREES HORIZONTALLY AND 80 DEGREES VERTICALLY IN THE SAME EYE.

   MANY RESTRICTIONS APPLY AND SPECIAL DRIVER TRAINING IS REQUIRED.

Restrictions may be removed if the licensed driver drives for 36 months without any at-fault accidents and without any license suspensions; and successfully completes additional evaluation and training specifically designed for night driving from a certified driver training program; and passes a comprehensive night driving examination.

THE PROGRAM WILL BE ADMINISTERED BY THE DEPARTMENT FOR THE BLIND

Kentucky Department for the Blind; SueG.Simon@mail.state.ky.us      Date last verified:  May 31, 2007

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Louisiana

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

            

ACT No. 881  HB 1550, Regular Session, 2004 SIGNED INTO LAW IN 2004.     Date last verified:  February 20, 2006

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Maine

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/70 in the better eye with restrictions:  Each eye must be 20/70.

If one eye worse than 20/70, other eye must be at least 20/60 for daylight restricted license, with 25 mile radius.

If one eye worse than 20/70, other eye must be at least 20/50 for daylight restricted license.

If one eye worse than 20/70, other eye must be at least 20/40 for unrestricted license.

Visual Field:

    Binocular field of vision 140 degrees.

    Binocular field of vision between 110 and 140 degrees with restrictions.

Maine Bureau of Motor Vehicles                              Date last verified:  May 21, 2007

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Maryland

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in BOTH  with or without corrective lenses.

    Up to 20/70 in one eye with minimum 110 degree fields: restricted license.   

    20/100 in the better eye with minimum 150 degree fields and 20/70 through telescope: restricted license.

tr, 16-110.1                                                 Date last verified:  MARCH 25, 2005

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Massachusetts

Visual Acuity:

    unrestricted:    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses + 120 degree field + distinguish red/green/amber colors.

    restricted:   20/70 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses + 120 degree field + distinguish red/green/amber colors. 

                          Date last verified:  May 22, 2007
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Michigan

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/70 in the better eye with restrictions (daylight only)

    20/60 if progressive abnormalities or diseases of the eye.

Visual Field:

    Binocular field of vision 140 degrees.

    Binocular field of vision between 90 and 140 degrees with restrictions.

Certification in driver instruction is required.

Maine Bureau of Motor Vehicles            Date last verified:  Nov. 28, 2005

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Minnesota

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/70 in the better eye with restrictions on speed limit.

    When VA is 20/80 or up to, but not including 20/100, applicant referred to driver evaluation unit.

    20/100 in the better eye- applicant is denied a license

Visual Field:

    Horizontal  field of vision 105 degrees.

    Horizontal field of vision of less than 105 degrees: possible with restrictions.

Driver and Vehicle Services Division,  7410.2400        Date last verified:  May 1, 2007

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Mississippi

Visual Acuity:

20/200 Best Corrected without telescope

20/70 With Telescope

Visual Field at least 150 degrees

There are certain restrictions on the power of the telescope, how fitted, and who prescribes them.

There are certain training requirements, and a letter from an optometrist or ophthalmologist.

Mississippi Highway Safety Patrol, Driver Services Bureau, 4/10/00   Date last verified:  May 15, 2007

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Missouri

Visual Acuity:   (has rather complicated rules)

    unrestricted: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    restricted: up to 20/160 in the better eye.

Visual Field:

    55 degrees or better in both eyes..

    85 degrees in one eye: restrictions apply.

Drivers License Bureau, vision guidelines   Date last verified: May 15, 2007

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Montana

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/70 in the better eye with restrictions on daylight and speed.

    20/100 in the better eye: possible restricted license if need is shown.

Visual Field: 

    No information provided.

Montana Motor Vehicle Division, 23.3.119            Date last verified:    Feb. 22, 2005

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Nebraska

Visual Acuity:

Nebraska has 17 types of restrictions on driver's licenses depending upon the vision in each eye.

Generally, 20/40 in the better eye is required.

Visual Field:

Less than 100 degrees is denied.  Over 140 degrees, no restriction.

Chapter 60, Motor Vehicles    Date Last Verified: July, 2007

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Nevada

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

Visual Field:

    Binocular field of vision 140 degrees.

    Binocular field of vision between 110 and 140 degrees with restrictions.

483.405 Driver's License Division, Las Vegas, Nevada        Date last verified:  AUG, 2005

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New Hampshire

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/70 in the better eye with restrictions

Visual Field:

Part C, Department of Safety

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New Jersey

Visual Acuity:

    20/50 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/70 in the better eye with restrictions

Visual Field:

   A visual field of at least one hundred twenty degrees horizontally and eighty degrees vertically in the same eye.

Licensing Service, 13:21-8.10 e

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New Mexico

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/80 in the better eye with restrictions

Visual Field:

    120 degrees in the horizontal meridian, with at least 30 degrees in the nasal field of one eye.

 

Taxation and Revenue Department, Driver Services.   Date last verified: May 15, 2007

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New York

Visual Acuity:

minimum best corrected 20/40 in one eye with or without glasses;

20/40 to 20/70 best corrected in one eye requires minimum of 140degree horizontal visual field.

NYS DMV rules/regulations.

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North Carolina

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/70 in the better eye with restrictions

Visual Field:

    60 degrees in one eye   (30 degrees on each side).

    Binocular field of vision between 110 and 140 degrees with restrictions.

p14-17, Driver Medical Evaluation   Date last verified: May 22, 2007

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North Dakota

North Dakota has many different types of restrictions depending upon the visual acuity in each eye. Generally, however, the following is true:

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    One eye must be 20/60 or better to get a restricted license

    20/70 in the better eye with restrictions on speed limit.

    Worse eye must be 20/100 or better

 Visual Field:

    Binocular field of vision 105 degrees.

    Binocular field of vision between 110 and 140 degrees with restrictions.

Article 37-88, Chapter 37-88-01   Date last verified: May 1, 2007

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Ohio

Visual Acuity:

    Unrestricted license:20/40 or better in at least one eye, better than 20/200 in each eye individually

    Daytime only:    20/70 or better in at least one eye, better than 20/200 in each eye individually.

    If less than 20/200 in one eye:

        20/30 or better in fellow eye for unrestricted

        20/60 or better in fellow eye for restricted.

 Visual Field: 

   A visual field of at least one hundred twenty degrees horizontally and eighty degrees vertically in the same eye.

Driver License Special Case Section, 4501:1-1-33    Date last verified:  March 21, 2007

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Oklahoma

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/100 in the better eye with restrictions

Visual Field: 

    100 degrees (for day and night permit) in the horizontal meridian of each eye.

4.3.12 Driver License Examiner

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Oregon

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    Limited Vision Condition: means visual acuity in the better eye with best lens correction that is no better than 20/80 and no worse than 20/200.

A person with a limited vision condition may obtain a drivers license if they meet the following:

            a) no ocular diagnosis that may result in deterioration of the person's corrected vision below a 20/200 level.

            b) visual field of at least 120 degrees horizontally and 80 degrees vertically.

            e) provides a certificate of completion of a rehabilitation training program

            f) has the following restrictions:    daylight driving only; not greater than 45 mph;

Visual Field: 

     110 degrees in the horizontal meridian except as above for limited vision condition.

735-062-0045, driver safety case management

Enrolled Senate Bill 289 (sb 289-A)            Date Last Verified:    DEC. 2, 2004

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Pennsylvania

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    up to 20/100 combined vision with restrictions

Visual Field: 

   120 degrees in the horizontal meridian.

Section 83.3, Bureau of Driver Licensing

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Rhode Island

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    No provisions for less than 20/40 in the better eye.

Visual Field: 

     Minimum of 115 degrees in the horizontal meridian.  For monocular drivers, 40 degrees nasally & 75 degrees temporally.

Questions on vision reduction must go before the Medical Advisory Board for a decision on licensing.

Operator Control,/Medical Review.        Date last verified:  May 21, 2007

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South Carolina

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/70 in the better eye if worse eye is 20/200 or better; 20/40 if worse eye is worse than 20/200.

Visual Field: 

   A visual field of at least one hundred twenty degrees horizontally and eighty degrees vertically in the same eye.

735-062-0045, driver safety case management   Date last verified: May 22, 2007

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South Dakota

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/60 in the better eye with restrictions

    20/70 or less must have a left outside mirror

Visual Field: 

   A visual field of at least one hundred twenty degrees horizontally and eighty degrees vertically in the same eye.

Medical Standards for Drivers' Licenses, 61:06:01:11        Date last verified:  May 1, 2007

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Tennessee

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/60 in the better eye with restrictions

Visual Field: 

   150 degrees in the horizontal meridian.

Department of Safety, Chapter 1340-1-2; No. 8  Low Vision Guidelines; August 1990.      Date last verified:  March 21, 2007

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Texas

 Visual Acuity:

    20/50 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    Restrictions begin with vision worse than 20/50, may require comprehensive road test.

Visual Field:

    A visual field of at least 70 degrees each eye.

Texas DPS I&P, 85.07  10-12-92        Date last verified:  January 31, 2006

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Utah

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/100 in the better eye with restrictions

Visual Field: 

120 degrees horizontal and 20 degrees vertical.

Utah Driver License Division.            Date last verified:   May 15, 2007

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Vermont

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

Visual Field: 

    60 degrees external, each eye.  Monocular: 60 degrees external and 60 degrees nasal.

APA regulations, Section 8

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Virginia

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/200 in the better eye with restrictions

Visual Field: 

   100 degrees (for day and night permit) or better.

May be restricted to daylight only but can be lifted after one year

Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles, DL565 (7/89) Date last verified: May 31, 2007

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Washington

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/70 in the better eye with restrictions

Visual Field: 

    110 degrees in the horizontal meridian.

7.3 Vision Testing (R/10/97)

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Washington, D.C.

Visual Acuity:    

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/70 in the better eye requires 140 degree visual field for restricted license.

    A license can be issued upon the favorable recommendation of and optometrist or ophthalmologist.

Visual Field: 

   Minimum of 130 degrees in the horizontal meridian.  (Between 110 & 130 degrees, with ok Visual Acuity may be approved.)

Regulation No. 72-2, June 24, 1975.  33 DCP 6708.

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West Virginia

Visual Acuity:

    20/60 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    With less than 20/60 in the better eye, must have optometrist or ophthalmologist declare ability to be safe.

Visual Field: 

   A visual field of at least one hundred twenty degrees horizontally and eighty degrees vertically in the same eye.

91 L5R5;  3.4.b  Division of Motor Vehicles, Driver Services.  Date last verified: May 31, 2007

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Wisconsin

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/100 in the better eye with restrictions

Visual Field: 

    70 degrees minimum.

Wisconsin Department of Transportation, Section 8.  Date last verified: May 1, 2007

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Wyoming

Visual Acuity:

    20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

    20/100 in the better eye with restrictions

Visual Field: 

   120 degrees in the horizontal meridian.

Section 8, Department of Transportation        Date last verified:    March 21, 2007

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